Senescence-Related Genes in Head and Neck Cancer: Prognostic Significance | Aging-US

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January 31, 2024

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  • Aging-US published this research paper as the cover for Volume 16, Issue 2, entitled, "Prognostic significance of senescence-related tumor microenvironment genes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma" by researchers from the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Medicine (AgeTech-Service Convergence Major) College of Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Biostatistics, Epidemiology and Informatics, The Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Kyung Hee University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Kyung Hee University School of Medicine, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Institute for Biomedical Informatics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. DOI - https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.205346 Corresponding authors - Young-Gyu Eun - ygeun@khu.ac.kr, and Dokyoon Kim - dokyoon.kim@pennmedicine.upenn.edu Abstract The impact of the senescence related microenvironment on cancer prognosis and therapeutic response remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the prognostic significance of senescence related tumor microenvironment genes (PSTGs) and their potential implications for immunotherapy response. Using the Cancer Genome Atlas- head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSC) data, we identified two subtypes based on the expression of PSTGs, acquired from tumor-associated senescence genes, tumor microenvironment (TME)-related genes, and immune-related genes, using consensus clustering. Using the LASSO, we constructed a risk model consisting of senescence related TME core genes (STCGs). The two subtypes exhibited significant differences in prognosis, genetic alterations, methylation patterns, and enriched pathways, and immune infiltration. Our risk model stratified patients into high-risk and low-risk groups and validated in independent cohorts. The high-risk group showed poorer prognosis and immune inactivation, suggesting reduced responsiveness to immunotherapy. Additionally, we observed a significant enrichment of STCGs in stromal cells using single-cell RNA transcriptome data. Our findings highlight the importance of the senescence related TME in HNSC prognosis and response to immunotherapy. This study contributes to a deeper understanding of the complex interplay between senescence and the TME, with potential implications for precision medicine and personalized treatment approaches in HNSC. Sign up for free Altmetric alerts about this article - https://aging.altmetric.com/details/email_updates?id=10.18632%2Faging.205346 Subscribe for free publication alerts from Aging - https://www.aging-us.com/subscribe-to-toc-alerts Keywords - aging, cellular senescence, head and neck cancer, immunotherapy, microenvironment, single cell About Aging-US Launched in 2009, Aging-US publishes papers of general interest and biological significance in all fields of aging research and age-related diseases, including cancer—and now, with a special focus on COVID-19 vulnerability as an age-dependent syndrome. Topics in Aging-US go beyond traditional gerontology, including, but not limited to, cellular and molecular biology, human age-related diseases, pathology in model organisms, signal transduction pathways (e.g., p53, sirtuins, and PI-3K/AKT/mTOR, among others), and approaches to modulating these signaling pathways. Please visit our website at https://www.Aging-US.com​​ and connect with us: Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/AgingUS/ X - https://twitter.com/AgingJrnl Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/agingjrnl/ YouTube - https://www.youtube.com/@AgingJournal LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company/aging/ Pinterest - https://www.pinterest.com/AgingUS/ Spotify - https://open.spotify.com/show/1X4HQQgegjReaf6Mozn6Mc Media Contact 18009220957 MEDIA@IMPACTJOURNALS.COM

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