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Impact of IL-6 and IL-18 in Aging Men with BPH and MetS | Aging-US

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November 7, 2023

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  • Aging-US published this trending research paper on October 16, 2023, in Volume 15, Issue 20, entitled, “Tissue immunoexpression of IL-6 and IL-18 in aging men with BPH and MetS and their relationship with lipid parameters and gut microbiota-derived short chain fatty acids" by researchers from the Department of Functional Diagnostics and Physical Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, Żołnierska, Szczecin 71-210, Poland; Department of Nursing, State University of Applied Sciences, Leśna, Koszalin 75-582, Poland; Department of Medical Rehabilitation and Clinical Physiotherapy, Pomeranian Medical University, Żołnierska, Szczecin 71-210, Poland; Department of Laboratory Medicine, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstańców Wielkopolskich, Szczecin 70-111, Poland; Department of Obstetrics and Pathology of Pregnancy, Pomeranian Medical University, Żołnierska, Żołnierska, Szczecin 71-210, Poland; Department of Human Nutrition and Metabolomics, Pomeranian Medical University, Broniewskiego, Szczecin 71-460, Poland; Department of Urology and Urological Oncology, Pomeranian Medical University, Powstańców Wielkopolskich, Szczecin 70-111, Poland. DOI - https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.205091 Corresponding author - Anna Lubkowska - anna.lubkowska@pum.edu.pl Abstract Recent studies indicate that inflammation is one of the causes of the development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Inflammation may result from past infections, metabolic disorders, but also from the state of functioning of the intestinal microbiota. The aim of the study was to assess whether the diagnostic lipid parameters for metabolic syndrome and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) are related to the immunoexpression of interleukins in prostate tissue with benign hyperplasia. The study involved 103 men with BPH, who were divided into two groups depending on the presence of MetS. We analysed tissue immunoexpression of two proinflammatory interleukins: IL-6, which is known to be involved in the development of BPH, and IL-18, which has not been analysed so far. The results of our study indicate that men with BPH + MetS in the stroma of the prostate have a significantly higher overall percentage of IL-6+ cells compared to men without MetS (p = 0.034). The analysis of IL-18 immunoexpression in prostate tissue indicated that in men with BPH + MetS, the glandular part of the prostate had a significantly higher percentage of cells with strong IL-18 expression (p = 0.040). We also noticed a relationship between tissue expression of IL-6 and IL-18 and lipid parameters (TG and HDL). We conclude that lipid disorders occurring in men with BPH increase inflammation in the prostate gland. Moreover, it has also been demonstrated for the first time that, indirectly, through SCFAs, the gut microbiota can act to prevent or create an inflammatory microenvironment in the prostate gland. Sign up for free Altmetric alerts about this article - https://aging.altmetric.com/details/email_updates?id=10.18632%2Faging.205091 Subscribe for free publication alerts from Aging - https://www.aging-us.com/subscribe-to-toc-alerts Keywords - aging, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), metabolic syndrome (MetS), lipids, interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 18 (IL-18), short-chain fatty acids About Aging-US Launched in 2009, Aging-US publishes papers of general interest and biological significance in all fields of aging research and age-related diseases, including cancer—and now, with a special focus on COVID-19 vulnerability as an age-dependent syndrome. Topics in Aging-US go beyond traditional gerontology, including, but not limited to, cellular and molecular biology, human age-related diseases, pathology in model organisms, signal transduction pathways (e.g., p53, sirtuins, and PI-3K/AKT/mTOR, among others), and approaches to modulating these signaling pathways. Please visit our website at https://www.Aging-US.com​​ and connect with us: SoundCloud - https://soundcloud.com/Aging-Us Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/AgingUS/ X - https://twitter.com/AgingJrnl Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/agingjrnl/ YouTube - https://www.youtube.com/@AgingJournal LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company/aging/ Pinterest - https://www.pinterest.com/AgingUS/ Media Contact 18009220957 MEDIA@IMPACTJOURNALS.COM

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