Senescence-Related lncRNA Prognostic Index in Prostate Cancer | Aging-US



October 26, 2023

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  • Dr. Dechao Feng from the Department of Urology, Institute of Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, discusses a research paper he co-authored that was published by Aging (Aging-US) in Volume 15, Issue 18, entitled, “Identification of senescence-related lncRNA prognostic index correlating with prognosis and radiosensitivity in prostate cancer patients.” DOI - Corresponding authors - Dechao Feng -, and Ping Han - Abstract Background: An increasing number of studies are shown how crucial a role cellular senescence plays in tumor development. In this study, we developed a senescence-related lncRNA prognostic index (SRLPI) to forecast radiosensitivity and the probability of biochemical recurrence (BCR) in patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: PCa cohorts in TCGA and GEO databases were downloaded. Senescence-and prognosis-related lncRNA with differential expression in tumor and normal samples were identified and used to establish the SRLPI score. Mutation landscape, function pathway, tumor stemness and heterogeneity and tumor immune microenvironment were also analyzed. We performed the analysis using R 3.6.3 and the appropriate tools. Results: A SRLPI score was constructed based on SNHG1 and MIAT in the TCGA cohort. Our classification of PCa patients into high- and low-risk groups was based on the median SRLPI score. When compared to the low-SRLPI group, the high-SRLPI group was more vulnerable to BCR (HR: 3.33). In terms of BCR-free survival and metastasis-free survival, the GSE116918 showed similar findings. Surprisingly, the SRLPI score demonstrated a high level of radiosensitivity for diagnosis (AUC: 0.98). Age, Gleason score, T stage, N stage, positive lymph nodes, and residual tumor were all significantly greater in patients with high SRLPI scores. Furthermore, this score was significantly related to markers of senescence. Protein secretion and androgen response were found to be substantially enriched in the low-SRLPI group, whereas E2F targets were found to be strongly enriched in the high-SRLPI group for pathway analysis. For the tumor microenvironment assessment, B cells, CD8+ T cells, immune score and TIDE score were positively related to SRLPI score while endothelial level was negatively associated with SRLPI score with statistical significance. Conclusions: We developed a SRLPI score that was related to prognosis and radiosensitivity and might be helpful in clinical practice. Sign up for free Altmetric alerts about this article - Subscribe for free publication alerts from Aging - Keywords - aging, prostate cancer, senescence-related lncRNA prognostic index, biochemical recurrence, radiosensitivity, androgen response About Aging-US Launched in 2009, Aging-US publishes papers of general interest and biological significance in all fields of aging research and age-related diseases, including cancer—and now, with a special focus on COVID-19 vulnerability as an age-dependent syndrome. Topics in Aging-US go beyond traditional gerontology, including, but not limited to, cellular and molecular biology, human age-related diseases, pathology in model organisms, signal transduction pathways (e.g., p53, sirtuins, and PI-3K/AKT/mTOR, among others), and approaches to modulating these signaling pathways. Please visit our website at​​ and connect with us: SoundCloud - Facebook - Twitter - Instagram - YouTube - LinkedIn - Pinterest - Media Contact 18009220957 MEDIA@IMPACTJOURNALS.COM

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