Tumor Hyaluronan as Novel Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Biomarker: Retrospective Study

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November 9, 2022

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  • Oncotarget published this research paper in Volume 13, entitled, "Tumor hyaluronan as a novel biomarker in non-small cell lung cancer: A retrospective study" by researchers from Gastrointestinal and Neuroendocrine Malignancies, Samuel Oschin Cancer Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Biostatistics and Bioinformatics Research Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Department of Radiation Oncology, Samuel Oschin Cancer Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY; Lung Cancer Research Program, Samuel Oschin Cancer Center, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA. DOI - https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.28304 Correspondence to - Andrew E. Hendifar - andrew.hendifar@cshs.org Abstract Introduction: Hyaluronan (HA) accumulation is associated with tumorigenesis and aggressive tumor behavior. Aims: We investigated the biomarker potential of HA in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods: HA levels were scored using affinity histochemistry in 137 NSCLC samples stratified by HA score ≤10, 11–20, 21–30, and >30 with HA-high defined as ≥25% expression in the extracellular matrix (ECM) of the tumor surface area. Overall survival (OS) and time to progression from initiation of taxane therapy (TTP) were compared using log-rank tests based on HA score. Results: Of 122 patients with recurrent/metastatic NSCLC, 93 had mean HA scores that were not significantly different across clinicopathologic variables. Frequency of HA-high tumors did not differ by histology (34/68 adenocarcinomas vs. 12/25 squamous tumors, Fisher’s p = 1.0000). Median OS for recurrent/metastatic adenocarcinoma was 35.5 months (95%, 23.6–50.3) vs. 17.9 months for squamous (95%, 12.7–37.0, log-rank test, p = 0.0165). OS was not significantly different by HA quartiles, high or low (<25) HA score and tumor histology, and HA biopsy site (all p > 0.05). Median TTP (n = 98) significantly differed by HA quartile (2.8 months for HA score ≤10; 5.0 months for 11–20; 7.9 months for 21–30; 3.9 months for >30, p = 0.0265). Improved TTP trended in HA-high over HA-low tumors (n = 98, p = 0.0911). Conclusion: In this NSCLC cohort, tumor HA level represents a potential biomarker for TTP, which remains a cornerstone of NSCLC therapy. Further validation is warranted to identify the HA accumulation threshold associated with clinical benefit. Sign up for free Altmetric alerts about this article - https://oncotarget.altmetric.com/details/email_updates?id=10.18632%2Foncotarget.28304 Press release - https://www.oncotarget.com/index.php?journal=oncotarget&page=news&op=press&item=oncotarget-tumor-hyaluronan-as-novel-biomarker-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-retrospective-study Keywords - hyaluronan, hyaluronic acid, biomarker, prognostic, predictive About Oncotarget Oncotarget is a primarily oncology-focused, peer-reviewed, open access journal. Papers are published continuously within yearly volumes in their final and complete form, and then quickly released to Pubmed. On September 15, 2022, Oncotarget was accepted again for indexing by MEDLINE. Oncotarget is now indexed by Medline/PubMed and PMC/PubMed. To learn more about Oncotarget, please visit https://www.oncotarget.com and connect with us: SoundCloud - https://soundcloud.com/oncotarget Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/Oncotarget/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/oncotarget Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/oncotargetjrnl/ YouTube - https://www.youtube.com/OncotargetYouTube LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company/oncotarget Pinterest - https://www.pinterest.com/oncotarget/ Reddit - https://www.reddit.com/user/Oncotarget/ Media Contact MEDIA@IMPACTJOURNALS.COM 18009220957

    Analytical TechniquesCancer ResearchMicrobiologyMolecular Biology

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