Paper Spotlight: A Behavioral Aging Study on Male and Female F2 Hybrid Mice

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March 1, 2022

Aging (Aging-US) published this research paper in Volume 11, Issue 17, entitled, "Conclusions from a behavioral aging study on male and female F2 hybrid mice on age-related behavior, buoyancy in water-based tests, and an ethical method to assess lifespan" by researchers from the Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; Discovery Biology, Discovery Sciences, R&D AstraZeneca, Gothenburg, Mölndal, Sweden; Department of Genetics, Paul F. Glenn Center for the Biology of Aging, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA; Department of Neuroscience, Biomedicum, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Quantitative Biology, Discovery Sciences, R&D AstraZeneca, Cambridge, UK. DOI - https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.102242 Corresponding Author - Malin Hernebring - malin.hernebring@gu.se Abstract Due to strain-specific behavioral idiosyncrasies, inbred mouse strains are suboptimal research models for behavioral aging studies. The aim of this study is to determine age-related behavioral changes of F2 hybrid C57BL/6NxBALB/c male and female mice. Lifespan was followed (nmales=48, nfemales=51) and cohorts of mature adult (7 months), middle-aged (15 months), and old mice (22 months of age; n=7-12 per group) were assessed regarding open-field activity, exploration, passive avoidance learning/memory, and depressive-like behavior. We found that both males and females demonstrated decreased exploratory behavior with age, while memory and depressive-like behavior were maintained. Females exhibited enhanced depressive-like behavior compared to males; however, a correlation between fat mass and swimming activity in the test directly accounted for 30-46% of this behavioral sex difference. In addition, we suggest a method to qualitatively estimate natural lifespan from survival analyses in which animals with signs of pain or severe disease are euthanized. This is, to our knowledge, the first behavioral study to consider both sex and aging in hybrid mice. We here define decreased exploratory behavior as a conserved hallmark of aging independent of sex, highlight the effect of buoyancy in water tests, and provide a method to assay lifespan with reduced animal suffering. Sign up for free Altmetric alerts about this article - https://oncotarget.altmetric.com/details/email_updates?id=10.18632%2Foncotarget.102242 Press release - https://www.aging-us.com/news_room/conclusions-from-a-behavioral-aging-study-on-male-and-female-f2-hybrid-mice-on-age-related-behavior-buoyancy-in-water-based-tests-and-an-ethical-method-to-assess-lifespan Keywords - F2 hybrid mice, aging, sex comparison, exploratory activity, water-based behavioral tests About Aging-US Launched in 2009, Aging-US publishes papers of general interest and biological significance in all fields of aging research and age-related diseases, including cancer—and now, with a special focus on COVID-19 vulnerability as an age-dependent syndrome. Topics in Aging-US go beyond traditional gerontology, including, but not limited to, cellular and molecular biology, human age-related diseases, pathology in model organisms, signal transduction pathways (e.g., p53, sirtuins, and PI-3K/AKT/mTOR, among others), and approaches to modulating these signaling pathways. Please visit our website at http://www.Aging-US.com​​ and connect with us: SoundCloud - https://soundcloud.com/Aging-Us Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/AgingUS/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/AgingJrnl Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/agingjrnl/ YouTube - https://www.youtube.com/agingus​ LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company/aging/ Pinterest - https://www.pinterest.com/AgingUS/ Aging-US is published by Impact Journals, LLC: http://www.ImpactJournals.com​​ Media Contact 18009220957 MEDIA@IMPACTJOURNALS.COM

Analytical TechniquesBioprocessingDrug DiscoveryNeuroscience

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