Trending With Impact: Maternal ACEs Associated With Biological Aging in Children

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January 13, 2022

Aging (Aging-US) published this trending research paper in Volume 13, Issue 24, entitled, "Maternal adverse childhood experiences before pregnancy are associated with epigenetic aging changes in their children" by researchers from the Gangarosa Department of Environmental Health, Emory Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA; Department of Emergency Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA; Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA; Center for Computational Biology, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA; Center for Environmental Research of Community Health, CERCH, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA; Community Health Sciences Division, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA. Abstract: Emerging research suggests associations of physical and psychosocial stressors with epigenetic aging. Although this work has included early-life exposures, data on maternal exposures and epigenetic aging of their children remain sparse. Using longitudinally collected data from the California, Salinas Valley CHAMACOS study, we examined relationships between maternal Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) reported up to 18 years of life, prior to pregnancy, with eight measures (Horvath, Hannum, SkinBloodClock, Intrinsic, Extrinsic, PhenoAge, GrimAge, and DNAm telomere length) of blood leukocyte epigenetic age acceleration (EAA) in their children at ages 7, 9, and 14 years (N = 238 participants with 483 observations). After adjusting for maternal chronological age at delivery, pregnancy smoking/alcohol use, parity, child gestational age, and estimated leukocyte proportions, higher maternal ACEs were significantly associated with at least a 0.76-year increase in child Horvath and Intrinsic EAA. Higher maternal ACEs were also associated with a 0.04 kb greater DNAm estimate of telomere length of children. Overall, our data suggests that maternal preconception ACEs are associated with biological aging in their offspring in childhood and that preconception ACEs have differential relationships with EAA measures, suggesting different physiologic utilities of EEA measures. Studies are necessary to confirm these findings and to elucidate potential pathways to explain these relationships, which may include intergenerational epigenetic inheritance and persistent physical and social exposomes. Sign up for free Altmetric alerts about this article - https://oncotarget.altmetric.com/details/email_updates?id=10.18632%2Foncotarget.203776 DOI - https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.203776 Full text - https://www.aging-us.com/article/203776/text Correspondence to: Andres Cardenas email: andres.cardenas@berkeley.edu Keywords: ACES, epigenetic age, DNA methylation, mitotic clocks, adversity About Aging-US Launched in 2009, Aging-US publishes papers of general interest and biological significance in all fields of aging research and age-related diseases, including cancer—and now, with a special focus on COVID-19 vulnerability as an age-dependent syndrome. Topics in Aging-US go beyond traditional gerontology, including, but not limited to, cellular and molecular biology, human age-related diseases, pathology in model organisms, signal transduction pathways (e.g., p53, sirtuins, and PI-3K/AKT/mTOR, among others), and approaches to modulating these signaling pathways. Please visit our website at http://www.Aging-US.com​​ or connect with us on: SoundCloud - https://soundcloud.com/Aging-Us Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/AgingUS/ Twitter - https://twitter.com/AgingJrnl Instagram - https://www.instagram.com/agingjrnl/ YouTube - https://www.youtube.com/agingus​ LinkedIn - https://www.linkedin.com/company/aging/ Pinterest - https://www.pinterest.com/AgingUS/ Aging-US is published by Impact Journals, LLC please visit http://www.ImpactJournals.com​​ or connect with @ImpactJrnls Media Contact 18009220957 MEDIA@IMPACTJOURNALS.COM

Analytical TechniquesBioprocessingCell ScienceEnvironmental Science

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