Paper Spotlight: Effects of Estradiol on The Glycan Age Index



December 8, 2021

Aging (Aging-US) published this trending research paper on October 13, 2020, entitled, "Effects of estradiol on biological age measured using the glycan age index" by researchers from Genos Glycoscience Research Laboratory, Zagreb, Croatia; Division of Geriatric Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, CO; Eastern Colorado VA Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Aurora, CO; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia; Division of Rheumatology, Inflammation, and Immunity, Brigham and Women´s Hospital, Boston, MA; Division of Immunology, Boston Children´s Hospital, Boston, MA. Abstract: Glycan age is a recently developed biomarker based on glycans attached to immunoglobulin G (IgG). In large population cohorts, glycan age associates well with lifestyle and disease-risk biomarkers, while some studies suggested that glycan changes precede development of several age-associated diseases. In this study we evaluated effects of estrogen on the glycan age. Gonadal hormones were suppressed in 36 healthy young women by gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist therapy for 6 months. In 15 of them estradiol was supplemented, while 21 received placebo resulting in very low estrogen levels during intervention. IgG was isolated from plasma samples before intervention, after 6 months of intervention and after subsequent 4-month recovery. Deprivation of gonadal hormones resulted in median increase of glycan age for 9.1 years (IQR 6.8 – 11.5 years, p = 3.73×10-8), which was completely prevented by transdermal estradiol therapy (change in glycan age = -0.23 years, IQR (-2.20 – 2.98). After the recovery period glycan age returned to baseline values in both groups. These results suggest that IgG glycans and consequently also the glycan age are under strong influence of gonadal hormones and that estradiol therapy can prevent the increase of glycan age that occurs in the perimenopausal period. Press release - Sign up for free Altmetric alerts about this article - DOI - Full text - Correspondence to: Gordan Lauc email: Keywords: biological age, glycan age, estrogen, aging biomarkers, glycosylation About Aging-US Launched in 2009, Aging-US publishes papers of general interest and biological significance in all fields of aging research and age-related diseases, including cancer—and now, with a special focus on COVID-19 vulnerability as an age-dependent syndrome. Topics in Aging-US go beyond traditional gerontology, including, but not limited to, cellular and molecular biology, human age-related diseases, pathology in model organisms, signal transduction pathways (e.g., p53, sirtuins, and PI-3K/AKT/mTOR, among others), and approaches to modulating these signaling pathways. Please visit our website at​​ or connect with us on: SoundCloud - Facebook - Twitter - Instagram - YouTube -​ LinkedIn - Pinterest - Aging-US is published by Impact Journals, LLC please visit​​ or connect with @ImpactJrnls Media Contact 18009220957 MEDIA@IMPACTJOURNALS.COM

BioprocessingChemistryGenomicsMolecular Biology

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